As I promised, here’s some (semi-live) blogging from Djangocon.
The first talk of the day was Scaling the World’s Largest Django Application given by the guys at Disqus (slides). The basic gist is how they scaled up Django to handle a bajillion requests per month. One thing that I noticed is that to reach this scale, they are effectively throwing away referential integrity in their database. When asked about it, one of the guy mentioned that they have some scripts to verify that things have some level of integrity which I thought was a little scary. I was happy to see that they are basically measuring everything. On top of the usual continuous integration stuff like unit tests, lint (Pyflakes, actually) they are logging every query and every traceback using a package they opensourced named Sentry. In addition, the brief mention of the save() method’s concurrency issues was interesting.
Jeff Balogh’s talk on Switching addons.mozilla.org [AMO] from CakePHP to Django (slides – pdf) was on the similar subject of switching the high traffic site AMO to Django from PHP. My favorite point from this talk is how they handle the classic stale DB replication problem of a user submitting new data (to the master) and then not seeing their data (from the slave). Basically, they use a custom Django router that detects a POST and switches that user’s session to always read and write from the master which is pretty damn clever. Mozilla also de-normalized their database in order store a reference to the latest add-on (a classic problem). However, Jeff did mention that they might switch that to storing that info in cache. The main gist of this talk was cache everything.
Russell Keith-Magee’s So you want to be a core developer? and James Bennett’s Topics of Interest (going on now — see live blogging) are both on the future of Django and how to get involved and what needs to change in the Django community. The Django people need more people to get involved. James said there are only 14 committing developers and Russell said that to get Django 1.2 out the door he had to review tickets for 5 hours a night for 2 weeks because nobody else was doing it. As James said, their bus numbers — the number of people who get hit by a bus and then you’re screwed — is frighteningly small. There’s only 2 people who know Django Oracle support.
Themes from the con
- Git seems to be winning in the DVCS space. It really seems like git and github are taking over and Bazaar and Mercurial are being left at the wayside. I’ve seen tons of links to github and zero to bitbucket or launchpad. James Bennett just now briefly mentioned bitbucket and launchpad.
- Django developers think that database referential integrity is overrated. Multiple people mentioned that integrity is a farce when things scale insanely.
- Deploy early and often. The Mozilla guys deploy at least weekly. The Disqus guys deploy daily or more often. Although Jeff Balogh from Mozilla didn’t say it, I wonder if this means that like Disqus they are running out of trunk rather than branching and releasing.
- Celery (see my previous post) is awesome and everybody seems to be adopting it.
- If you aren’t using Pip and Virtualenv, you should (previous post). However, you probably shouldn’t deploy a production box from Pip and Pypi.